Unto all of Æthelmearc, do We, Maynard and Liadain, King and Queen of these Sylvan lands, send fond greetings and heartfelt well wishes.
Thank you to Æthelmearc and Scadians across the Known World. We are deeply impressed by the daily initiatives being rolled out to keep people engaged and active until we are once again able to gather in person. A wealth of learning, displays, camaraderie, entertainment, leadership and shenanigans abounds – with plenty of room for more!
There are multiple platforms in which to experience the virtual SCA, be it through social media, Zoom, YouTube and elsewhere. More information regarding official Kingdom functions can be found on our Kingdom website. Interested in hosting your own class, meeting, social gathering, gaming session or happy hour through an Æthelmearc Zoom room? Sign up now on aethelmearc.org
Cheers to everyone who has joined us for ÆLive! (on ÆTube for those who missed it.) We have had a tremendous amount of fun putting the show together and can’t express enough just how much We appreciate Our incredible ÆLive staff. This has been a steep learning curve for Us and Our staff continues to carry Us up the hill. ÆLive continues to grow and evolve and We need your help! We are very interested in entertaining/informative 2-3 minute standalone video segments, slide shows, that can be aired during the show (geared toward general Kingdom audience) as well as individuals with creative concepts, skits, bits and the like to contribute and those with marketing and/or technical expertise to assist in production and distribution.
The show is a conglomeration of news, entertainment, and recognition. Each episode, three individuals are recognized with “Tokens of Distinction.” These are not formal awards nor bear any precedence; they are tokens of esteem from Our Hand. These are chosen by Us and you, the populace. You may submit your recommendations via the online award recommendation form. However, We would also encourage YOU to recognize those you hold in high regard directly. Please take the time to personally acknowledge the deeds, generosity and accomplishments of others with kind words and affirmations. A few words have tremendous power – use them for good. Make someone’s day better – yours will be too!
We are so proud of all of you, for your genuine thoughtfulness and generosity in caring for one another, as well as for your fortitude and ingenuity. We understand that there are many questions about the future. For Our part on behalf of Æthelmearc, We shall continue to work diligently to keep you as up to date as possible. We acknowledge that some news may be disappointing, such as the cancellation of events, but we are all working together to ensure the safety and well-being of friends and family. We encourage you to continue to be patient with one another, with event staff and those in the position to make difficult decisions.
We recognize that every person reading this missive has been impacted by the ongoing battle. Some incredibly so. We, Maynard and Liadain, see you, are here for you and hold you all in Our hearts. Do not hesitate to call on us should you have need.
Though there is much uncertainty, there will be an end to this and we will be victorious. This victory will be hard won, but we shall emerge stronger for it. This has already been illustrated in all that we have accomplished together to date and have planned for our future despite this plague on our lands. Stay strong, stay optimistic and when you can’t – lean on us, your Kingdom, your friends, your family, your shield mates. We are Æthelmearc and together we are mighty.
Please keep washing your hands, practicing kindness and inspiring each other and the Known World. We raise a glass to you and look forward to seeing you soon online and in person.
In celebration of Spring Coronation, Their Highnesses Maynard and Liadain are looking to show unity across Kingdom. In these difficult times, many of us are stuck in our homes, but it does not mean we are alone. To demonstrate this, their Highnesses are asking that each member of the Kingdom take a moment to display their banners, heraldry, and colors. Starting today (4/2) and lasting until the end of the reign, if it is safe to do so, raise your banner poles outside your home, from your balconies, or in your windows. Let’s show the world the pride of AEthelmearc. If you cannot venture outside, hang your banners and heraldry indoors. This can be any flag (Kingdom, unit, personal, etc). If you don’t have a banner, display your shields, tabards, or artwork. Encourage your children to create drawings of their SCA adventures. Have fun and be creative. Videos are also welcome. To connect this quest to each other, Their Highnesses ask that each person create a post on their personal social media accounts (or group accounts). Include their local SCA group, mundane city & state, as well as the hashtags #AEBannersRaised, #SCAUnited, and #SCAatHome. The goal is to create a stream of posts that extends to all ends of the Kingdom and all spaces in-between! So please take a moment to raise spirits across the land and answer the call of Your Glorious Kingdom!
Unto grand and glorious Æthelmearc do Timothy and Gabrielle send greetings.
We would like to first offer our condolences to any and all throughout the world who have lost friends or loved ones because of this pandemic. And, to those people across the world fighting the battle of their lives, our hearts and prayers go out to you. We are all cheering you on, and will make what sacrifices we may to halt the spread of this virus.
But, we’d like to do some small thing to give all of our lives here in Æthelmearc some semblance of normalcy. Most of us could use the distraction of an event. To this end, this Saturday at 1pm, we will live stream a court. We apologize for the length of the court, but we will be awarding everything, including our sigils and some back log scrolls. The only exceptions to this list are our peerage elevations.
So, put on garb if you like, put out some feast gear, fill your mug and join us Saturday when we will recognize the following gentles for their hard work, dedication and contributions to this society we all love:
Aaron the Swift
Aegis of Thescorre
Alan de Stanley
Antoinette de Lorraine
Aranwen verch Rhys ap Gwalter
Aurelie of Nithgaard
Cormacc mac Gilla Brigde
Elena de la Palma
Eli of Thescorre
Fede di Fiore
Gesa von Wellenstein
Guillaume le Noir
Hunda-dorir called the Pintsman
Master Illadore de Bedagrayne
Isolda De Leycestre
Ivan Doppletrigg Snorrisson
Jan, Al-Tha’lab, known as Fox
Nycaise D’Ozier la Tailleresse
Ragnar inn raudi
Sebastianne La Rousse
Snorri skyti Bjarnarson
Sumayya al Gaziyyah
Ulf the Barelegged
Wyllow of the Cliffs
The citizens of Æthelmearc have remained a shining example of kindness and generously, stepping up time and again to serve their fellow man, and we are humbled by the privilege of being surrounded by so many wonderful people. It is an honor for us both to call ourselves one of you, and we remain in your service,
Timothy and Gabrielle
Note: Per His Majesty, information on how to connect to the livestream will be provided later this week.
Unto Æthelmearc do Timothy and Gabrielle send greetings,
Strange times call for novel solutions. With that in mind, Gabrielle and I have started making the arrangements to live stream a court. On 3/28 at 1pm, we will begin to stream.
As you can imagine this plan is really just coming together. With the exception of the remaining peerage elevations, the rest of our docket will be cleared. This includes, amongst other things, our Jewel, a Fleur, a Millrind, and a pair of Gages.
Unless someone comes up with a better idea, we will be publishing the docket in advance, so the recipients know to watch the stream.
We will save our peerage elevations to be done in regency court once things settle back down.
Episode 1: The Royal Coin for Gareth Kincaid and Juliana Delamare, 41st King and Queen of Æthelmearc.
This is the first in a series of articles describing SCA coins made by the Æthelmearc Moneyers Guild. Some of the articles, like this one, will focus on particular coins from particular regions and time periods. Other articles will focus on medieval techniques and how our modern methods differ from those original techniques. Although Roman coins are certainly not the oldest coins made by humans, they are among the oldest that fit into our Society’s period, so they are a good place to start the discussion. This coin also happens to be the first coin formally produced by the Moneyers Guild!
Introduction Roman coins were utilized throughout the Roman empire, and there are numerous surviving examples, making them a favorite of coin collectors. In some ways, they are more predictable than later medieval coins, but in other ways, more varied. Our goal was to create a replica of a first century Roman Imperial coin.
The most common denominations of Roman coins were the denarius and the sestertius (see Appendix I). The denarius was made of silver, and was thus a small coin (dime to nickel in diameter). This size is too small for the degree of detail we hoped to include on the coin. The sestertius was made of copper, and was larger than modern American coins at 3-4cm in diameter. Its size renders it somewhat unwieldy. Thus, we decided upon a less common denomination, the as, which was made of copper and was about 2cm in diameter (after striking, our replica is 2.3cm). This allows us to create a coin that is of comfortable size and roughly equates to a Roman penny.
The vast majority of first-century Roman coins depict the head of the Emperor, as seen from the side, on the obverse. Occasionally, the emperor is depicted as Victory enthroned or depicted returning from battle victorious. Rarely, an inscription will be surrounded by a crown of laurel leaves without an image of the emperor. We opted for the usual portrait. Unlike many medieval coins, Roman coins do not use iconography to represent the face of the emperor – it was supposed to be a true likeness. Beards were commonly depicted.
The emperor could be shown bare-headed, helmeted, crowned, radiate (with holy rays of light emerging), or laureated. On most asses, the emperor is bare-headed or laureated. We opted for the laureated head, as it is a familiar SCA icon.
The emperor could be facing in either direction on the coin.
We have chosen as exemplars the bronze sestertius of Nero (AD 54-68) and the gold aureus of Hadrian (AD 117-138) because they depict the emperors’ faces in remarkable detail.
The image on the reverse is the most varied aspect of Roman coins. Images include deities, architecture, warriors, armor, Victory, and animals. Often, the image was used as propaganda to depict a recent military victory, or to make the emperor appear more successful.
Animals that are frequently depicted include the Roman eagle (often astride a globe), a mother wolf (feeding the twins Romulus and Remus), lions, horses, elephants, rhinoceroses, and bulls. We chose to use the eagle (usually displayed with wings spread), but modify it to appear like a raven as a reference to Juliana’s heraldry.
Exemplars included the copper as of Tiberius (AD 34-37) and the copper as of Vespasian (AD 72-73)
Latinizing the Name “Gareth Kincaid”
1st-century Roman names consist of praenomen (personal name), nomen (clan name), and cognomen (family name).
Praenomen We searched a list of emperor’s praenomina that appeared on Roman coins to find the closest match to “Gareth”. The closest praenomen is “Galenius”, which requires only two consonant substitutions to become “Garetius”.
Nomen Gareth’s household is Sable Maul, which translates to “Nigrum Malleo”, so we chose “Nigromalleus” as the nomen. Although the two terms could appear in either order, we felt that this order rolled off the tongue better.
Latin lacks a “K”, but “C” is always pronounced as “K”. The first syllable “Con-“ is frequent among Roman emperors, and the word “Concad” translates to “lower”. On the other hand, the first syllable “Cin-“ is a closer match to Gareth’s SCA name, and it is certainly common enough among Roman cognomina. So, we decided to use “Cincadius”, despite the lack of a direct translation for that word.
The inscription on the obverse of a Roman coin is a series of abbreviations with no demarcation of where one ends and another begins. You have to know what you’re looking for to parse it. Common abbreviations are listed in Appendix II. Due to space considerations, some words might be dropped, including some of the emperor’s names. Alternatively, the number of characters in the abbreviation might be increased or decreased. If there is a break in the inscription to make space for an image, the break does not necessarily occur between words, but we chose to use the break to indicate the start of the inscription.
The inscription on Gareth’s coin can be broken down as follows:
IMP = IMPERATOR
G = GARETIUS
NM = NIGROMALLEUS
CIN = CINCADIUS
AUG = AUGUSTUS
PP = PATER PATRIAE
COS I = FIRST CONSULATE
The inscription on the reverse of a Roman coin was often an opportunity for propaganda. Celebrations of military victory were common, but sometimes a feel-good phrase was used. The possibilities are myriad. We considered several phrases from actual Roman coins that we felt suited our Queen’s personality, and settled upon Claritas Reipub, which means “Light of the Republic”.
The letters “SC” appear on the reverse of most 1st-century Roman coins. This indicates that the Emperor received permission from the Senate before striking the coins.
Mint Marks appear on Roman coins only in later centuries, so we avoided using a Maker’s Mark on this coin.
About half of Roman coins from this century have buttoning (a ring of small dots) around the edge of the coin. We opted not to utilize this.
When you spin a coin from front to back, trying to make both faces appear upright, that is the axis of rotation. Modern coins have a 12 o’clock to 6 o’clock axis, but Roman coins (like all medieval coins) are haphazard. We strove for a 12 to 6 axis, but we were intentionally not careful.
As with all Roman script, “U” is depicted as “V”, and “J” is depicted as “I”.
Appendices First-century Roman coin denominations
Coin values are relative to the Denarius, which was the standard Roman silver coin.
All values are estimates, as relative coin values fluctuated throughout the Imperial era.
standard Roman gold coin
Bronze + Silver
Fixed at half an aureus
Silver or bronze
Called “the grand bronze”
Bronze or Copper
Common abbreviations for obverse inscriptions IMP = Imperator (translates as Emperor, but others may receive this title)
CAES (C) = Caesar (this term transitions from a cognomen to a title over time, and the meaning changes after the Diocletian divide)
UG = Augustus (this term is exclusive to the Emperor)
GERM (GER) = Germanicus (an honorific)
COS = Consulate. The Emperor often became one of the two Consuls of Rome. The number following COS is the consulate number. Because each consulate lasts one year, this is also the year of the Emperor’s reign. For SCA purposes, we propose that this number reflect the number of times on the throne.
PONMAX (PM) = Pontifus Maximus (head priest). We avoided this for SCA purposes.
TRIBPOT (TRP) = Tribunica Potestate (supreme representative of the people)
PP = Pater Patriae. Father of the country.
CENSPER (CP) = Censor Perpetuus (chief magistrate for life). Not appropriate for SCA.
Allen A. Mints and Money in Medieval England. 2012. Cambridge University Press.
Burnett A. Coins: Interpreting the Past. 1991. University of California Press.
Grierson P. Coins of Medieval Europe. 1991. BA Seaby, Ltd.
Herbert K. Roman Imperial Coins. 1996. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Inc.
Klawans ZH. Handbook of Ancient Greek and Roman Coins. 1994. (2017 edition) Whitman Publishing.
MacKay J. 2500 Coins of the World. 2008. Anness Publishing Ltd.
Sayles WG. Ancient Coin Collecting III: The Roman World (2nd ed). 2007. Krause Publications.
As you can see from His Majesty’s missive today, we are still planning, as of now, to have Coronation; however, plans are fluid. It still may be possibly cancelled, if the government requires us to do so.
Under the assumption we can have Coronation, we are now limited on the number of people who can attend.
Per myself, as the Regional Vice President of Æthelmearc and Duchess Dorinda, the local Seneschal, the event is now invitation only. We have received a variance from the Society Seneschal for this. The local autocrat will be working on refunding your event fees.
If/when things change, we will absolutely let you know as soon as possible.
Remember: Wash your hands. Be Kind. Don’t Panic (in nice friendly letters.)
King Timothy and Queen Gabrielle. Photo by Christina Mary Lowe, called Jinx.
Unto home bound Æthelmearc do Timothy and Gabrielle send greetings,
Things in the world around us are filled with chaos and uncertainty. We have all seen the horror stories of people hoarding things and price gouging things, not caring for their fellow man. However, here in the SCA, we see, hear and read story after story of people looking after the people in their community, whether SCAdian or mundane. It is very reassuring to be shown time and time again the quality of people who make up the circle of friends we call Æthelmearc and indeed the Society.
While there is a small part of us that is sad that the remaining royal progress events we had scheduled have all been canceled or postponed, We would much rather do what is in the best interests of all our members, and indeed the mundane world around us. We have had a phenomenal time serving this kingdom, and know that these decisions are for the best.
Since so many of you have asked, as of now, the plans for Coronation are still fluid. As of now, Coronation still is planned for April 4th, but it will be very limited, but plans may change, so that the event and ceremony can be a grand celebration worthy of them. They have both always served our Kingdom in with every ounce of energy once could ask for, and we hope their special day can be glorious and memorable.
Most of the items on our court dockets will be absorbed by TRHs, but there are a few that they have graciously allowed us to do as regency courts in their name once things return to normal.
Keep doing those things that make Æthelmearc a model of kindness and generosity that we only wish the world around us would follow. We have been honored and privileged to count ourselves amongst your numbers for many years, and will continue to do so until we no longer walk the earth,
Greetings unto Æthlemearc from Maynard and Liadain, Heirs to the Sylvan Thrones.
While the rule of King Timothy and Queen Gabrielle is undoubtedly strong and prosperous, the Sylvan Line must be ensured. As is our duty and honor, we would encourage all to attend our upcoming Crown Tournament to be held on May 2, 2020 in the Barony of Thescorre.
It is our greatest wish that all who are willing and able endeavor to participate, witness and be present for this most auspicious day in the history of Æthelmearc. The continuation of the Kingdom and succession of the Crown lay in your hands. The victor should be tested on the tournament field by every valiant and honorable combatant that Our skilled Kingdom has to offer. All combatants from novice to Knight are urged to take up arms.
It would please us greatly to host a grand tournament with a large number of combatants to truly showcase the prowess and chivalry of Æthelmearc. We will limit those requirements outside of Kingdom Law to the following:
Prospective consorts must be present at the tournament.
Each combatant and consort must display a banner during the grand procession.
Combatant couples are to be announced by a herald for the grand procession.
All modern armor and equipment must be covered. This includes modern sports equipment, company logos, bright colored or blatantly plastic armor, etc. These may be worn but concealed with a heraldic tabard, surcoat or similar covering. Modern footwear is acceptable if disguised or understated (ie. black or brown).
Please also review the section of Kingdom law listing requirements included below. Contact us if you have any questions regarding any of these requirements. Be mindful that letters of intent must be postmarked or received by the Crown no later than 30 days prior to Crown Tournament. Confirmation of receipt will be provided as received. Please contact us via email if you have any concerns.
Letters of intent must include the following elements for both entrants: SCA names, Legal names, Postal Addresses, Telephone numbers, E-mail addresses, Proofs of membership, Age (proof to be supplied at Crown Tournament) and Proof of current authorization for Combatants. We would also request that the preferred titles of both fighter and consort are included in letters of intent to ensure accuracy and promote pageantry (ex. Lord, THLady, Baroness, Sir, Mistress, etc.) There is also an online Letter of Intent Form available here.
Our mailing information:
TRH Maynard and Liadain
c/o Michael and Deidre Biondo
3208 Rachelle Dr.
North Tonawanda, NY 14120
We would also like to announce that Our first Curia will take place the Sunday morning of War Practice at 10:00 am. We will publish an agenda online prior to the event. We are very much looking forward to the upcoming months and hope to see many of you in Our travels.
Maynard and Liadain
Prince and Princess
III-100 Entrants in this section of Law are defined as the combatant and consort entering Crown Tournament.
III-200 All entrants in the Crown Tournament must be members of the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.
III-300 All entrants in the Crown Tournament must be 18 years of age or older as of the date of Crown Tournament.
III-400 The withdrawal of either entrant from the Crown Lists shall automatically eliminate both from that Tournament, except as provided below in paragraph III-1100. Either may withdraw at any point in the Tournament by notifying the Minister of the Lists.
III-500 In order to be eligible to fight or be fought for in Crown Tournament, a person must be a subject (as defined in Corpora) of Æthelmearc for one year immediately prior to Crown Tournament and be able to demonstrate a reasonable level of participation in Æthelmearc during that period.
The Crown may waive the above requirements if the entrants are subjects of the Kingdom and able to demonstrate to the Crown’s satisfaction by their own words or by recommendation of peers of the Kingdom that they have sufficient familiarity with Kingdom Law and customs and an acceptable level of participation.
III-600 Letters of intent must be sent to the Crown. They must include the following elements for both entrants:
• SCA names
• Legal names
• Telephone numbers
• E-mail addresses
• Proofs of membership
• Age (proof to be supplied at Crown Tournament)
• Proof of current authorization for Combatants
To facilitate complete letters of intent, a form is available on the Kingdom website as well as from the Crown and the Seneschal on request. Prospective entrants are encouraged but not required to use this form to ensure a complete letter. Letters of intent must be mailed, e-mailed, or hand-delivered to the Crown no later than 30 days prior to the Crown Tournament. The Kingdom Seneschal shall verify eligibility as defined in the Bylaws and Corpora.
III-700 No person shall enter the Crown Tournament without intending an honorable attempt to compete for the Crown. At the discretion of the Royalty whose Crown it is, the Kingdom Officers who administer Crown may step aside and have their emergency deputy administer the Tourney, so they may enter. In the event a Kingdom Officer should win Crown, the Law regarding Emergency Deputies and office succession will apply.
III-800 The entrants must be acceptable to the Crown or Their representatives.
III-900 No person fighting in or being fought for in Crown Tournament may administer the Crown Tournament.
III-1000 Any two people may champion each other in the Crown Lists (hereinafter referred to as a combatant couple so long as neither is championed by any other person.
III-1100 If one member of a combatant couple is removed from the Crown Lists for marshallate infractions or any infractions of the Rules of the Lists, both members are ineligible to continue in that Crown Tournament. If one member of a combatant couple voluntarily withdraws as a combatant in the Lists, the MOL and Marshal will confer with the withdrawing member to determine if they are also withdrawing as consort or if the other member may continue in the Lists. If the participant withdraws both as fighter and consort, both shall be ineligible to continue in that Crown Tournament.
III-1200 The preferred method of Crown Tournament is a double-elimination format.
III-1300 The winner of the Crown Tournament and the winner’s consort become the new Heirs to the Throne of Æthelmearc. They are each entitled to the Title of Crown Prince or Crown Princess, as appropriate to the individual’s persona.
III-1301 Upon ascending to the Throne, They may rightfully be acknowledged as Monarch and Consort with alternate Titles as appropriate to the dignity of the Throne.
The Barony of Saint Swithin’s Bog will be hosting our Kingdoms 12th night this Saturday. It will be filled with friends, order meetings, a largesse derby, and many other activities.
If you are available and interested in retaining for Their Majesties, please let me know, either via Facebook Messenger or via email at antoinettedelorraine(at)gmail.com
Each shift is an hour long, although you are welcome to sign up for more than one hour should you wish. We would also welcome a few more retainers to attend Their Majesties during court, later in the day.
If you’ve not retained before, this is a great opportunity to try it! Please let me know so I can connect with you beforehand and ensure you’re familiar with what it entails.
Yours in service,
Head Retainer to Their Majesties
Timothy & Gabrielle